North Coast (Oregon Border to Point Arena)
North Central Coast (South of Point Arena to Half Moon Bay)
Central Coast (South of Half Moon Bay to Point Conception)
Santa Barbara (Point Conception to Point Dume)
South Coast (Point Dume to Mexico border)
Bonito populations fluctuate in accordance with the warm/cold water periods associated with the Pacific Decadal Oscillation!
- Its head is pointed and conical with a large mouth.
- It has a compressed body with slanted dark stripes on their backs and upper sides.
- The lower jaw has 14-25 teeth, and is moderately large.
- This fish reaches 79-102 cm (31-40 in) in length and can weigh up to 11 kg (24 pounds). 
- Its characterized by a large spleen and lack of swim bladder. 
- This fish ranges from the Pacific Ocean from the coast of Alaska all the way down to the tip of Baja California, Mexico. 
- It reaches sexual maturity at the age of 2 and have a maximum lifespan of 6 years. 
- Spawning generally occurs from late January until May. 
- Bonito is a pelagic fish that lives 80-200 meters (262-328 ft.) deep, migrating farther offshore as it grows older.
- It eats fish (such as sardines and anchovies) as well as squid. 
- Predators of bonito are larger fish such as tuna, bonito also prey on each other as well. 
- Fishing is allowed year-round, but most catch is landed from June-November. 
Regulatory and managing authority
- Pacific Bonito in state waters is currently managed by the state of California. 
- California statutes and regulations apply to the taking of the Pacific Bonito (CA Fish and Game Code). 
- Bonito are mostly taken by purse seine, but are also caught by gill nets, trawl, and hook and line. [2,8]
Status of the fishery
- Currently, bonito is placed in the category of least concern because the catch per year has decreased significantly since the 1990s due to increased regulation and decreased market demand.
- The catch peaked in 1966 with 4.6 million fish declining with a loss of 659,000 in the 1990s. 
- In 2014, 70,982 pounds (32,196 kg.) of Pacific Bonito were caught in California. 
Potential ecosystem impacts
- Purse seines are non-selective, which poses risks to non-target species. 
- This fish can be eaten whole. 
Description of meat
- The meat is deep red to pink, soft with a fishy smell but a bold and flavorful taste. 
- Available whole, as filets, or steaks.
- This fish should be bled and put on ice immediately after catching, and bloodlines should be removed. 
- Generally brined prior to cooking. 
- For fresh Bonito, there are 5 calories per 129 serving (100 g) and 28 grams of protein. 
- As with other top predators, may contain high mercury levels; follow consumer guidelines especially for pregnant women and children. 
- Available year round.
 Massachusetts Department of Energy and Environmental affairs. 2017. Atlantic Bonito. Web. http://www.mass.gov/eea/agencies/dfg/dmf/recreational-fishing/atlantic-bonito.html#food. Date accessed: 27 May 2017.
 California Department of Fish and Wildlife. 2019. Pacific Bonito, Sarda chiliensis, Enhanced Status Report. Web. https://marinespecies.wildlife.ca.gov/pacific-bonito/. Accessed 4 September 2020.
 Lewis, M. 2008. California Department of Fish and Wildlife. Pacific Bonito, Sarda chiliensis. Status of the Fisheries 2008. Web. https://nrm.dfg.ca.gov/FileHandler.ashx?DocumentID=34441&inline. Accessed 4 September 2020.
 CDFW. 2016-2017. "California Marine Sportfish Identification: Tuna & Mackerels." Web. https://www.wildlife.ca.gov/Fishing/Ocean/Fish-ID/Sportfish/Tuna-And-Mackerels#bonito. Accessed: 12 April 2017
 Canncel, C.. 2015. How to Cook Bonito Fish."Web. http://www.livestrong.com/article/547462-how-to-cook-bonita-fish/. Accessed: 20 May 2017.
 CDFW. 2014. Final Commercial Landings. Web. https://www.wildlife.ca.gov/Fishing/Commercial/Landings#26004609-2014. Accessed: 20 May 2017.
 Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations. 2017. Sarda Chilensis. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations. Web. http://www.fao.org/fishery/species/3275/en. Accessed: 12 April 2017.
 Monterey Bay Aquarium Seafood Watch. 1999-2017. Fishing and Farming Methods. Web. http://www.seafoodwatch.org/ocean-issues/fishing-and-farming-methods. Accessed: 1 May 2017.
 Luna, S. 1983. Sarda chiliensis, Eastern Pacific Bonito. Web. http://www.fishbase.org/summary/113. Date Accessed: 21 April 2017
 U.S. Food and Drug Administration. 2017. Mercury Levels in Commercial Fish and Shellfish (1990-2012). Web. https://www.fda.gov/food/metals-and-your-food/mercury-levels-commercial-fish-and-shellfish-1990-2012. Accessed 4 September 2020.
 NOAA Fisheries. 2014. Purse Seine: Fishing Gear and Risks to Protected Species. Web. http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/interactions/gear/purseseine.htm. Accessed: 29 April 2017.
 Snow, J. Mexico- Fish, Marine Life, Birds and Terrestrial Life. Pacific Bonito. http://www.mexican-fish.com/pacific-bonito/. Accessed: 12 April 2017
 Pacific Bonito. Web. Myfitnesspal.com. Accessed: 21 September 2017.
 Finn's Fishing Tips. n.d. What does Bonito Fish Taste Like? Web. https://finnsfishingtips.com/bonito-fish-taste/. Accessed 28 Sept 2020.