- The name “Cabezon” comes from Spanish meaning large head, the main identifying feature 
- Can grow to 1 m (3 ft) length and weigh over 11kg (24 lbs); Females are usually larger than males of the same age 
- Range in color, brown, red, or green with lots of darker mottling to help with camouflage. Females are usually greenish while males are more reddish 
- Smooth skin without scales 
- Eastern Pacific from north Alaska to central Baja California, Mexico 
- Adults spawn on rocky outcrops in shallow water, males guard the eggs until they hatch 
- The larval young drift out to sea then develop into small, silvery fish 
- After 3 to 4 months as larvae, the 3-5cm long fish settle at intertidal pools then move to reefs and kelp forests 
- Found nearshore from intertidal to 200m (656 ft.) among jetty rocks, kelp forests, and rocky reefs 
- Because of their relation to the California Sculpin species they are thought to be territorial 
- Eats crustaceans and mollusks from the bottom, along with small fishes from the water column 
- Predators include larger fish as well as marine mammals 
- A prized recreational game fish 
- Commercial fishery is open from May 2017- March 2018 
- May only be taken if 15 in. (38 cm) in total length
- Statewide commercial yearly catch may not exceed 127,200 lbs. (58,000 kg.) 
- Pacific Fishery Management Council and NOAA fisheries regulate this species between 3-200 miles off the coast under the Pacific Groundfish Fisheries Management Plan 
- California Department of Fish and Wildlife regulates this species within 3 miles off the coast under the California Nearshore Fishery Management Plan 
- Hook and line, pots and traps 
Status of the fishery
- There is little data about this fish relative to other groundfish 
- Not much concern over stocks of current level exploitation because of wide distribution, size limits on catch, and little demand for the fish 
- Most fishing pressure comes from recreational fishing, in particular by Commercial Passenger Fishing Vessels which increased access to nearshore fisheries starting in the late 1930s 
Potential ecosystem impacts
- Living nearshore increases susceptibility to land use disturbances and birds of prey 
- Meat (muscle) 
Description of meat
- The flesh is blue colored but when cooked turns white 
- Sweet shellfish flavored meat that can be prepared in almost any manner 
- Can be fried, sauted or braised 
No nutritional information available, shown is information for Ling Cod, fairly similar as described by those who fish and eat this fish 
- Internal organs and eggs can be toxic 
- Year round availability 
1] Jones, K. 2004. Pier Fishing in California. Print. Publishers Design Group, Roseville, CA, USA.
 California Department of Fish and Wildlife, 2017. Current California Ocean Recreational Fishing Regulations. Web. https://www.wildlife.ca.gov/Fishing/Ocean/Regulations/Fishing-Map/Central. Accessed: 1 May 2017.
 Cope, J. M. Key,. 2009. Status of Cabezon in California and Oregon Waters as Assessed in 2009. California Department of fish and Came c/o National Marine Fisheries Service. Fishery Resource Analysis and Monitoring Division Northwet Fisheries Science Center. Web. https://stacks.stanford.edu/file/druid:wp142gt6325/Cabezon09_FINAL.pdf Accessed: 1 May 2017
 California Dept. of Fish and Game, 1953. The Life History of the Cabezon, Scorpaenichthys Marmoratus (Ayres). Web. <https://www.dfg.ca.gov/marine/pdfs/response/cabezon.pdf>. Accessed: 30 May 2017.
 O’Connell, CW. 2014. Acute human tpxicity after the ingestion of cabezon, Scorpaenichthys marmoratus, roe. Web. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25089726. Accessed: 12 July 2017.
 NOAA Fisheries, 2017. Federal Pacific Coast Groundfish Regulations. Web. www.westcoast.fisheries.noaa.gov/publications/fishery_management/groundf...
. Accessed: 12 July 2017.
 California Dept. of Fish and Wildlife, 2017. Nearshore Fishery Management Plan. Web. https://www.wildlife.ca.gov/Conservation/Marine/NFMP. Accessed: 12 July 2017
 California Dept. of Fish and Wildlife, 2013. California Marine Sportfish Identification. Web. https://www.wildlife.ca.gov/Fishing/Ocean/Fish-ID/Sportfish/Other-Fishes.... Accessed: 12 July 2017
 California Dept. of Fish and Wildlife, 2017. State Managed Commercial Fisheries: Cabezon, Greenlings, and Sheephead. Web. https://www.wildlife.ca.gov/Fishing/Commercial/CGS. Accessed: 12 July 2017.
 Cabezon, Web. Nutritionvalue.org. Accessed: 21 September 2017.