The black perch is a popular fish for recreational anglers, and is available year-round! [2,3,4]
- Has a compressed, oval body and ranges in color from silvery, orange-brown, light tan, to greenish white, depending on the substrate color that it can blend with. 
- Has thick orange or yellow lips, and sometimes has shading above the upper lip that looks like a mustache. 
- Adults average 15.24cm (6 inches) but can grow up to 38.1cm (15 inches and weight 2 kg (4.5 lbs). 
- Found along the coast of Northern California to Central Baja California, but is mostly south of Central California. 
- Matures at 1-2 years, and can live 6-9 years. 
- Fertilized eggs are hatched prematurely in females, and the embryos continue to incubate in the mother for another 12 months until she gives live birth! 
- The number of offspring increases with the age of the female, and she can have about 30 young at a time. 
- Lives in shallow waters, and prefers depths of 0.9m (3 ft), and is often found in the surf zone. 
- Associated with rocky or sandy substrate, kelp forests, near piers, and in eelgrass within estuaries. 
- Predators of the black perch include harbor seels, cormorants, and humans. 
- Preys on amphipods, crabs, brittlestars and worms. 
- Available for recreational fishing year-round! 
- The commercial surfperch fishery has a seasonal closure from May 1 through July 31. 
Regulatory and managing authority
- As established by the Marine Life Management Act, the California Fish and Game Commission regulates the fishery, and the California Department of Fish and Wildlife manages this fishery. [14j]
- Typicaly caught by hook-and-line anglers along beaches, bays, and piers. [3,4]
- Other commercial methods involve A-frame dip nets, beach seines. Perch are caught incidentally with round haul nets and trawl gear. 
- Tips on when and how to fish for all surfperch fish are available at the California Department of Fish and Wildlife. 
Status of the fishery
- As of 2011, annual commercial landings have been decreasing, but recreational landings have remained relatively stable. Commercial declines are likely in part due to changes in demand and regulations that prohibit overfishing. 
- Currently no formal stock assessments of black perch exist. 
Potential ecosystem impacts
- There are few impacts associated with this fishery, as most black perch is caught by the hook-and-line method, which minimizes bycatch and habitat destruction. [4,5]
- Impact can be minimized by using hooks that allow for easy release of fish or animals unintentionally caught. 
Perch is typically eaten whole, but it is recommended to remove the skin before eating. [7,8]
Description of meat
- Black perch, like other surfperch, has a mild-tasting, soft meat that turns white when cooked. It does not have a high oil content. 
- This fish can be fried, steamed, grilled, or pan-fried. [8,9]
- For a recipe for surf perch and pineapple salsa, visit Bush Cooking. 
- For a Greek-style baked perch recipe, visit Food.com. 
Nutritional information based on 100g of cooked perch can be found on the table. 
- Generally considered safe to eat, but it is monitored by the OEHHA for mercury and PCB's, which are contaminants that are toxic to humans. 
- Serving recommendations may vary regionally, so it is best to check local regional advisories for information before eating. 
- It is available year-round. [2,3,4]
 Aquarium of the Pacific. 2020. Black Perch. Web. http://www.aquariumofpacific.org/onlinelearningcenter/species/black_perch. Accessed 9 July 2020.
 California Department of Fish and Wildlife. 2020. Current California Ocean Recreational Fishing Regulations. Web. https://wildlife.ca.gov/fishing/ocean/regulations/fishing-map/southern#:.... Accessed 9 July 2020.
 California Department of Fish and Wildlife. 2020. Recreational Surfperch Fishery. Web. https://wildlife.ca.gov/conservation/marine/nccfrmp/recreational-surfperch. Accessed 9 July 2020.
 California Department of Fish and Wildlife. 2013. Status of the Fisheries Report: an update through 2011. Web. https://nrm.dfg.ca.gov/FileHandler.ashx?DocumentID=65489&inline. Accessed 9 July 2020.
 Monterey Bay Aquarium Seafood Watch. 2020. Fishing and Farming Methods. Web. https://www.seafoodwatch.org/ocean-issues/fishing-and-farming-methods. Accessed 9 July 2020.
 Self Nutrition Data. n.d. Fish, perch, mixed species, cooked, dry heat. Web. https://nutritiondata.self.com/facts/finfish-and-shellfish-products/4087/2. Accessed 20 July 2020.
 California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment. n.d. Fish: Guidelines for eating fish and shellfish. Web. https://oehha.ca.gov/fish. Accessed 8 January 2021.
 Shaw, H. 2019. Cooking with Pacific Surfperch. The Spruce Eats. Web. https://www.thespruceeats.com/cooking-with-pacific-surfperch-1300660. Accessed 21 July 2020.
 Jones, K. 2018. Recipes for Perch — Seaperch (Rubberlip, Black, White, Pile, Striped, Rainbow) and smaller surfperch (Walleye and Silver). Pierfishing. Web. https://www.pierfishing.com/msgboard/index.php?threads/recipes-for-perch.... Accessed 21 July 2020.
 Escobedo, P. Bush Cooking. n.d. Surf Perch and Pineapple Salsa. Web. https://bushcooking.com/recipes/surf-perch-and-pineapple-salsa/. Accessed 8 January 2021.
 K-Bo Smack. 2018. Photo of black perch on ground. SD Fish. Digital image. https://sdfish.com/forums/attachments/img_20191028_103117-jpg.122512/. Accessed 22 July 2020.
 Schwarz, C. 2018. Photo of black perch. iNaturalist. Digital image. https://www.inaturalist.org/photos/13624372. Accessed 22 July 2020.
 Reddit. 2019. Photo of pan fried ocean perch, feta-basil tomatoes and a spicy aioli sauce. Digital image. Web. https://www.reddit.com/r/tonightsdinner/comments/9fdlse/pan_fried_ocean_.... Accessed 22 July 2020.
 Marine Life Management Act. n.d. California Department of Fish and Wildlife. Web. https://wildlife.ca.gov/Conservation/Marine/MLMA. Accessed 24 August 2020.
 Food. 2007. Greek Baked Ocean Perch. Web. https://www.food.com/recipe/greek-baked-ocean-perch-212460. Accessed 8 January 2021